Common hand problems

Trigger Finger

Trigger finger, trigger thumb, or trigger digit is a common disorder characterized by catching, snapping or locking of the involved finger, associated with pain. Stiffness and catching tend to be worse after inactivity, such as when you wake in the morning.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a disorder of the hand caused by pressure of the nerve that run through the wrist. Symptoms include numbness, pins and needles, and pain around the fingers. These sensations are often more pronounced at night and can awaken people from sleep.

Chronic carpal tunnel syndrome can also lead to wasting (atrophy) of the hand muscles and frequent dropping of objects from the hand due to reduced in grip strength.

De Quervain Tenosynovitis

De Quervain’s disease is a painful inflammation of tendons in the thumb that extend the wrist.The typical symptom is pain over your wrist at the base of your thumb that is made worse by activity and relieved by rest. It is commonly seen in women carrying their babies after delivery and repetitive activities requiring movement of the wrist while gripping the thumb (eg. Hammering, assembly line jobs).

Ganglion cyst

A ganglion cyst is a fluid-filled swelling that develops near a joint or a tendon. The cyst can range from the size of a pea to the size of a golf ball. It is most frequently located around the wrist and on the fingers.

Hand arthritis

The wear-and-tear process can affect most joints in the body, including the hand and wrist. Osteoarthritis normally causes no symptoms in many patients. However, some patients may experience symptoms like local pain, stiffness, tenderness, and occasionally swelling in the affected joints.

Hand fractures

Fractures of the hand can occur in either the small bones of the fingers (phalanges) or the long bones (metacarpals). They can result from a direct injury, a fall, a crush injury, work injury or during sports. Careful diagnosis and early treatment is important to avoid pain, deformity or finger growth disturbance especially in growing child.

Nerve or Vascular Injuries

Nerves and blood vessels of the hand and fingers usually are quite delicate and some are really small. Optimal repair of injuries often requires the microsurgical expertise of a hand surgeon.

Sports Hand Injuries

There are a variety of common sports injuries of the hand and wrist. These include mallet finger, skier thumb, golfer elbow, tennis elbow, wrist sprain and tendinitis.

If you have problem in your fingers, hand or wrist, or have any other upper extremity related concerns, you may want to consult a hand surgeon. Because hand surgeons are specialists in hand care, they are very meticulous in examining, diagnosing and treating any condition of the hand.

Not every visit to a hand surgeon results in hand surgery.

Hand surgeons often recommend conservative treatment options, including hand therapy, a combination of physical and occupational therapy to reduce or eliminate pain and restore movement of the hand. If non surgical treament fails, only surgery is advocated.

If you suffer from similar conditions as above, you may want to consult our Consultant Hand & Microsurgeon, Dr. Terence Tay who specializes in any hand problems and reconstruction. He is available by appointment basis from Monday till Saturday. For appointment, please call 03 – 6141 8533 or visit